Butterfly and Moth Species Found in Cumbria

Forty-one butterfly species are found in Cumbria. Some are common, others not so common and a few others are relatively rare migrants seen only in 'good' years.

The table below lists the Cumbrian butterflies with access to a brief description, a photograph and suggested localities to see them.

The Flight times are drawn from butterfly behaviour in Cumbria using data held by the Cumbria Biodiversity Data Centre at Tullie House.

Butterfly Name Scientific Name UK BAP Status
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni Low
Camberwell Beauty Nymphalis antiopa Not Listed
Clouded Yellow Collas croceus Low
Comma Polygonia c-album Low
Common Blue Polyommatus icarus Low
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja High
Dingy Skipper Erynnis tages High
Duke of Burgundy Hamearis lucina High
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus Low
Grayling Hipparchia semele High
Green Hairstreak Callophrys rubi Low
Green-veined White Pieris napi Low
High Brown Fritillary Argynnis adippe High
Holly Blue Celastrina argiolus Low
Large Heath Coenonympha tullia High
Large Skipper Ochlodes venata Low
Large White Pieris brassicae Low
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia High
Meadow Brown Maniola jurtina Low
Monarch Danaus plexippus Not Assessed
Mountain Ringlet Erebia epiphron High
Northern Brown Argus Plebeius artaxerxes High
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines Low
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Low
Peacock Inachis io Low
Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria euphrosyne High
Purple Hairstreak Neozephyrus quercus Low
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Low
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperanthus Low
Scotch Argus Erebia aethiops Low
Silver-washed Fritillary Argynnis paphia Low
Small Blue Cupido minimus High
Small Copper Lycaena phlaeas Low
Small Heath Coenonympha pamphilus High
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene Medium
Small Skipper Thymelicus sylvestris Low
Small Tortoiseshell Aglais urticae Low
Small White Pieris rapae Low
Speckled Wood Pararge aegeria Low
Wall Brown Iasiommata megera High
White-letter Hairstreak Satyrium w-album High

Experimental Tables

Butterfly Name Sightings Count
Brimstone 348
Brown Hairstreak 0
Camberwell Beauty 0
Common Blue 523
Clouded Yellow 12
Comma 372
Dark Green Fritillary 278
Dingy Skipper 210
Duke of Burgundy 46
Essex Skipper 0
Gatekeeper 206
Grayling 140
Green Hairstreak 177
Green-veined White 901
High Brown Fritillary 116
Holly Blue 143
Large Heath 85
Large Skipper 256
Large White 461
Marsh Fritillary 39
Meadow Brown 693
Monarch 0
Mountain Ringlet 100
Northern Brown Argus 176
Orange-tip 636
Painted Lady 381
Peacock 950
Pearl-bordered Fritillary 61
Purple Hairstreak 68
Red Admiral 1084
Ringlet 443
Scotch Argus 87
Silver-washed Fritillary 99
Small Blue 86
Small Copper 198
Small Heath 515
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary 301
Small Skipper 335
Small Tortoiseshell 1051
Small White 430
Speckled Wood 888
Wall Brown 302
White-letter Hairstreak 46

Total number of butterfly sightings: 13243.

Moth Name Sightings Count
Acleris sparsana 1
Adela cuprella 1
Adela reamurella 1
Aethes cnicana 1
Agapeta hamana 1
Agapeta zoegana 1
Agonopterix heracliana 1
Agriphila tristella 2
Alder Moth 2
Anania Funebris 16
Angle Shades 8
Antler Moth 6
Apotomis turbidana 1
Argent and Sable 5
Argyresthia brockeella 1
Argyresthia geodartella 3
Argyresthia pruniella 2
Barred Straw 1
Batracherda preangusta 0
Beautiful Golden Y 1
Beautiful Yellow Underwing 1
Bird-cherry Ermine 6
Blood Vein 1
Bordered White 0
Brimstone Moth 10
Brindled Pug 2
Broad-barred White 1
Brown China-mark 21
Brown Silver-line 52
Brown-line Bright-eye 2
Buff Footman 0
Buff-tip 3
Burnet Companion 28
Burnished Brass 2
Canary-shouldered Thorn 1
Catoptria margaritella 0
Cauchas fibulella 1
Centre-barred Sallow 1
Chimney Sweeper 121
Chrysoteuchia culmella 3
Cinnabar 85
Cistus Forester 0
Clouded Magpie 1
Common Carpet 35
Common Heath 38
Common Lutestring 1
Common Marbled Carpet 8
Common Plume 2
Common Swift 1
Common Wave 4
Common White Wave 4
Clouded Border 11
Clouded Buff 16
Clouded Drab 1
Clouded Silver 2
Common Heath 38
Common Marbled Carpet 8
Crambus lathoniellus 4
Crambus pascuella 5
Crambus perlella 2
Cream Wave 1
Cydia splendana 1
Dahlica inconspicuella 2
Dark Arches 1
Devon Carpet 3
Diplodoma laichartingella 3
Diurnea fagella 2
Dotted Clay 0
Drinker 8
Dun-bar 1
Dyseriocrania subpurpurella 1
Early Tooth-striped 1
Ectoedemia occultella 1
Elachista argentella 1
Elephant Hawkmoth 8
Emperor Moth 10
Emmelina monodactyla 1
Epagoge grotiana 1
Epinotia brunnichana 2
Eriocraniidae 1
Esperia sulphurella 4
Eucosma cana 1
Eudemis profundana 1
Eudonia lacustrata 1
Evergestis pallidata 13
Eyed Hawkmoth 2
Firethorn Leaf Miner 1
Flame Carpet 4
Forester 4
Four-dotted Footman 4
Foxglove Pug 1
Fox Moth 12
Galium Carpet 3
Garden Carpet 5
Garden Pebble 3
Garden Tiger 3
Ghost Moth 1
Gold Spangle 3
Gold Swift 3
Grapholita compositella 1
Grass Emerald 1
Grass Wave 3
Green Carpet 11
Green Pug 1
Grey Chi 1
Grey Dagger 2
Grey Mountain Carpet 1
Heart and Dart 1
Hebrew Character 1
Hedya nubiferana 2
Herald 1
Hofmannophila pseudospretella 2
Hummingbird Hawk-moth 18
Incurvaria praelatella 1
July Belle 4
July Highflyer 4
Knot Grass 1
Large Emerald 2
Large Yellow Underwing 13
Lathronympha strigana 3
Latticed Heath 13
Lead Belle 2
Least Black Arches 1
Least Minor 1
Light Brown Apple Moth 1
Light Emerald 4
Little Emerald 2
Magpie 4
Manchester Treble-bar 3
Marbled Beauty 0
March moth 1
Marsh Pug 0
Microptera calthella 0
Micropterix aureatella 3
Micropterix calthella 2
Middle-barred Minor 0
Mompha locupletella 2
Mother of Pearl 4
Mother Shipton 47
Mottled Beauty 1
Mottled Umber 2
Narrow-bordered 5-spot Burnet 13
Nemophora degeerella 13
Nettle-tap Moth 5
Northern Eggar 5
Northern Spinach 2
Northern Winter Moth 5
November Moth agg. 5
Oak Nycteoline 1
Old Lady Moth 0
Olethreutes arcuella 1
Orange Underwing 2
Orthotaenia undulana 1
Pale-brindled Beauty 3
Pale Tussock 1
Pammene aurana 1
Pammene fasciana 1
Pandemis cerasana 1
Phiaris shulziana 1
Phoenix 1
Pink-barred Sallow 2
Platyptilia gonodactyla 1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana 1
Ptycholoma lecheana 2
Purple Bar 5
Purple-bordered Gold 2
Pyrausta aurata 3
Pyrausta ostrinalis 2
Pyrausta purpuralis 5
Pyrausta nigrita 0
Red Carpet 2
Red-green Carpet 1
Red-necked Footman 3
Red-tipped Clearwing 0
Red Twin-spot Carpet 1
Red Underwing 1
Riband Wave 5
Ruby Tiger 5
Sallow 1
Scalloped Hook Tip 1
Scarce Umber 1
Scoparia ambigualis 1
Scoparia pyralella 2
Semioscopis steinkellneriana 1
Shaded Broad-bar 35
Silver Hook 14
Silver Y 270
Silver-ground Carpet 34
Six-spot Burnet 93
Small Argent and Sable 2
Small Dusty Wave 1
Small Fan-foot 1
Small Fan-footed Wave 2
Small Magpie 3
Small Phoenix 2
Snout 4
Speckled Yellow 79
Spring Usher 4
Spruce Carpet 4
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Stenoptylia pterodactyla 3
Straw Dot 12
Swallow-tail Moth 1
Syndemis musculana 2
Tawny-barred Angle 1
Timothy Tortrix 1
Torticoides alternella 6
Triangle Plume 1
Treble-bar 8
True Lover's Knot 2
Twenty-plume Moth 1
Twin-spot Carpet 5
Udea lutealis 10
Udea olivalis 1
Vapourer 3
White Ermine 2
White Pinion-spotted 1
White Plume Moth 0
Willow Beauty 1
Winter Moth 8
Wood Tiger 1
Yellow Shell 23
Yellow-tail 3
Ypsolopha alpella 1
Ypsolopha parenthesella 1
Ypsolopha sequella 1
Ypsolopha ustella 1
Zeiraphera isertana 0

Total number of moth sightings: 1623.